The city of night represents the eternal world, the after world. From the introductory quote, we know that there is no happiness this place because “fate denies bliss to (living) mortals and to the dead.” The city that is described first stanza has no sun, meaning that it has no bliss, no spring time awakening, no hope, and no warmth. The sun can be interpreted to mean any number of things associated with light. The second stanza speaks about dreams and how the city is full of gloom. Since the gloom persists day in and day out, it appears like a dream. This causes the narrator to ask, since night and dreams are eternal lasting days and weeks and years, how can one then discern this dream from real life.