John Keats, Ode on Melancholy

Just like the other odes, Keats uses personification extensively throughout the poem. This technique appears to enrich the poem’s romantic, or perhaps dramatic, nature. In the second stanza, melancholy is first mentioned directly but it begins with a small letter (“But when the melancholy fit shall fall”). The reader is presented with only an inkling of this feeling, “sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud.” However, when it is directly referenced again in the last stanza, melancholy has grown in power. As a result, it is featured with a capital letter (“Veiled Melancholy has her sovran shrine”).

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